Cochrane Oral Health hosts events at 2018 IADR General Session (London, 25-26 July)

Cochrane Oral Health will host two symposia and a hands-on workshop at the forthcoming 2018 International Association for Dental Research (IADR) General Session being held in London.

The editorial base encourages attending delegates to sign-up to these scheduled events to discover more about our recent research activities and engagements:

EventEvidence-based Periodontal Treatment: Interpreting Results of RCTs and Systematic ReviewsPresenting and Interpreting Evidence for a Global Dental EcosystemFiCTION: Filling Children's Teeth: Indicated Or Not?: Trial Results & Discussion
Type of eventSymposium (#11)Hands-on Workshop (#33)Symposium (#197)
LocationCapital Suite 6, Level 3South Gallery 13/14, Level 2South Gallery 13/14, Level 2
Date and time

Wednesday 25 July,
9:30 am–11:00 am 

Wednesday 25 July,
11:15 am–12:45 pm

Thursday 26 July,
2:15 pm–3:45 pm

Description

This is an IADR/Periodontal Research Group and Cochrane Oral Health Group joint symposium.

The field of clinical periodontology has evolved rapidly in the past decade.

Recent advances in clinical research methodology have allowed the conduct of well-designed randomized clinical trials evaluating the effects of several periodontal therapies.

Nonetheless, clinical research in periodontology still faces many challenges, including the lack of standardized outcome variables for comparing different protocols and of objective endpoints for treatments.

This lack of standardization hampers an accurate assessment of results from different studies and the preparation of systematic reviews.

Consequently, it is still difficult to determine the best periodontal treatment in daily practice, despite the existence of a plethora of Randomized Clinical Trials (RCTs) and Systematic Reviews (SRs) comparing different periodontal therapies.

This symposium will consider the value of Core Outcome Measures in Effectiveness Trials (COMET) and other methods for developing core outcome sets to be used in RCTs and SRs in the field.

An evidence ecosystem involves collaboration between those involved in the funding, generation, synthesis, publication, dissemination, and implementation of applied clinical research.

This workshop provides the opportunity for those included in the evidence ecosystem to openly discuss issues in the presentation and interpretation of research findings. It will also explore ways in which stakeholders can work more closely to progress the uptake of high quality, impartial research evidence.

An extended practical session will follow presentations, where attendees will have the opportunity to apply the principles delivered in the presentations.

Specifically, attendees will be asked to:

  • Examine how information is presented in systematic reviews;
  • Use information from a systematic review and Summary of Findings tables with real-world scenarios and consider how to proceed in the face of the evidence of benefits and harms presented; and
  • Consider the advantages and disadvantages of presenting key results of a systematic review in different formats, e.g. evidence summaries, infographics, and podcasts.

The session will end with an open discussion of how key stakeholders can work together to ensure that research evidence is presented, interpreted and disseminated in ways that enhance clinical care. 

This symposium will be the first public reveal of the results of the National Institute of Healthcare Research (NIHR) UK sponsored FiCTION Trial, which began in 2009.

At that time there was a lack of evidence for effective management of caries in deciduous teeth and in the UK an apparent failure of conventional restorations to prevent dental pain and infection.

FiCTION is a primary care-based multi-centre, three-arm, parallel group, patient-randomised controlled trial comparing conventional restorations with an intermediate treatment strategy based on the biological (sealing-in) management of caries and with no restorations only prevention alone.

72 practices across the UK recruited 1114 children, (3-7 years) with at least one primary molar tooth where caries extended into dentine. Participants were followed up for up to 36 months.

The primary outcome is the incidence of either pain or infection related to dental caries and secondary outcomes include caries incidence, quality of life and cost effectiveness.

The Symposium will describe the design and conduct of the trial in addition to presenting the clinical, cost-effectiveness and qualitative results.

The implications for clinical practice, education and policy will be discussed and participants will be actively involved in debating how FiCTION fits in the Global Dental Data Ecosystem.